Popular Business Loans by Government of India

Popular Business Loans by Government of India

A diverse group of entrepreneurs from various backgrounds shake hands in front of a grand government building.


Government business loan schemes in India are essential for supporting entrepreneurs and driving economic growth. These schemes aim to make financing easier for startups and existing businesses, enabling them to overcome financial obstacles and succeed in a competitive market.

Why Government Business Loans Matter for Indian Entrepreneurs

For Indian entrepreneurs, getting access to funds is often one of the biggest hurdles when starting or expanding a business. Traditional banks and lenders may have strict requirements, high interest rates, and demand collateral, making it challenging for small businesses to secure the money they need. This is where government loan schemes come in, providing crucial support to entrepreneurs by offering affordable financing options tailored to their specific requirements.

A Quick Look at Popular Government Business Loan Schemes in India

The Government of India has introduced several well-known loan schemes to promote the growth and progress of micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs). These schemes come with various advantages such as fast approval processes, low interest rates, credit without the need for collateral, and subsidies for adopting new technologies. Here are some of the key government loan schemes:

  1. MSME Loan Scheme in 59 Minutes: This scheme provides hassle-free loans up to Rs. 1 crore with a quick approval process that takes just 59 minutes.
  2. Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY): PMMY offers collateral-free credit options through three types of loans based on the principal amount and interest rates.
  3. National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC): NSIC supports business growth by offering marketing assistance schemes and credit support schemes for MSMEs.

In the upcoming sections, we will take a closer look at each of these government loan schemes, exploring their features, eligibility criteria, and how they benefit Indian entrepreneurs. So let’s dive in!

1. MSME Loan Scheme in 59 Minutes

The MSME Loan Scheme in 59 Minutes is a government initiative aimed at providing quick and hassle-free financing options for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in India. This scheme was launched to address the common challenges faced by entrepreneurs in accessing timely credit for their businesses.

Key Highlights of the MSME Loan Scheme

1. Quick Approval Process

One of the major advantages of this scheme is its swift approval process. As the name suggests, eligible borrowers can expect loan approval within just 59 minutes. This eliminates the need for extensive paperwork and lengthy processing times, allowing entrepreneurs to focus on their business operations rather than waiting for loan approvals.

2. Low-Interest Rate

The interest rates offered under the MSME Loan Scheme are competitive and affordable, making it an attractive option for small business owners. Lower interest rates mean reduced financial burden and improved cash flow management for entrepreneurs.

The objective of this scheme is to bridge the credit gap and provide easy access to finance for MSMEs. By streamlining the loan approval process and offering favorable interest rates, it aims to foster entrepreneurship, promote business growth, and contribute to the overall development of the Indian economy.

Eligibility Criteria

To avail the benefits of the MSME Loan Scheme in 59 Minutes, entrepreneurs need to meet certain eligibility criteria. These criteria may include factors such as business vintage, turnover, and credit score. It is important for potential borrowers to thoroughly understand these requirements and ensure that they fulfill them before applying for a loan under this scheme.

The MSME Loan Scheme in 59 Minutes is a game-changer for small business owners in India. With its quick approval process and low-interest rates, it provides much-needed financial support to MSMEs. Entrepreneurs can leverage this scheme to meet their working capital needs, invest in technology upgrades, expand their businesses, or address any other financial requirements. The government’s efforts to simplify and expedite the loan approval process are commendable, as they contribute to the growth and success of Indian businesses.

2. Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY)

The Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY) is a government business loan scheme in India that aims to promote collateral-free credit options for small businesses. Under this scheme, three types of loans are offered based on the principal amount and interest rates.

Overview of PMMY

The Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana was launched by the Government of India in April 2015 to support micro-enterprises and provide them with easy access to credit facilities. The primary objective of PMMY is to encourage entrepreneurship and generate employment opportunities in the country.

Promoting Collateral-Free Credit: Three Types of Loans Offered

PMMY offers three categories of loans, namely:

  1. Shishu: This category provides loans up to Rs. 50,000 for small businesses in their early stages. The interest rate for Shishu loans is generally lower compared to other categories.
  2. Kishore: Kishore loans range from Rs. 50,001 to Rs. 5 lakh and cater to businesses that have already established their presence in the market. These loans help them expand their operations and meet their working capital requirements.
  3. Tarun: Tarun loans range from Rs. 5 lakh to Rs. 10 lakh and are designed for well-established businesses looking for financial assistance to further grow and diversify their operations.

Eligibility Criteria for Availing PMMY Benefits

To avail the benefits of PMMY, businesses need to fulfill certain eligibility criteria, which include:

  • The business should be engaged in manufacturing, trading, or services sectors.
  • The borrower should not have defaulted on any previous loan payments.
  • Individuals or entities involved in agricultural activities allied to agriculture are also eligible for these loans.
  • Borrowers can apply for PMMY loans through various financial institutions such as banks, non-banking financial companies (NBFCs), and microfinance institutions.

The PMMY loans are typically processed quickly, ensuring that small businesses have access to timely credit support for their growth and expansion. To learn more about the eligibility criteria and other details of the scheme, you can refer to this article on Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana published by Livemint. Additionally, HSBC offers insights into the benefits and intricacies of the scheme in their MUDRA Loan article.

3. National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC)

The National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) plays a vital role in supporting the growth of small businesses in India through various schemes and initiatives. Here are the key aspects of NSIC and its support schemes:

Overview of NSIC

The NSIC is a government organization aimed at promoting, aiding, and fostering the growth of MSMEs in the country. It provides a wide range of services to small enterprises, including financial assistance, marketing support, technology support, and more.

Facilitating Business Growth: Marketing Support Schemes

NSIC offers marketing support schemes to assist small businesses in effectively promoting their products and services. These schemes provide opportunities for MSMEs to showcase their offerings at national and international trade fairs, which can significantly enhance their visibility and market reach.

Providing Financial Stability: Credit Support Schemes

In addition to marketing support, NSIC also provides credit support schemes to address the financial needs of small businesses. These schemes aim to improve access to credit facilities for MSMEs, enabling them to secure necessary funds for business expansion, technology upgrades, and operational requirements.

The NSIC’s comprehensive approach towards supporting small industries encompasses both marketing and credit assistance, contributing to the overall development and sustainability of MSMEs across different sectors in India.

4. Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme

The Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme is an initiative by the Government of India aimed at encouraging technological upgradation in businesses. Under this scheme, eligible enterprises can avail a capital subsidy of 15% on loans taken for the purpose of upgrading their technology and machinery.

Overview of the Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme

The Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme (CLCSS) was launched to support micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in India. It is implemented by the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) with the objective of facilitating technology upgradation in these industries. The scheme provides financial assistance to MSMEs for replacing their existing outdated technology with modern and more efficient equipment.

Encouraging Technological Upgradation: 15% Capital Subsidy

One of the key features of the Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme is the provision of a 15% capital subsidy on loans taken for technological upgradation. This subsidy aims to incentivize businesses to invest in advanced machinery and equipment, thereby enhancing their productivity, quality, and competitiveness.

By availing this subsidy, MSMEs can reduce their financial burden and make significant improvements in their manufacturing processes. The scheme supports various sectors such as textiles, food processing, engineering, chemicals, and more.

The process of availing the capital subsidy is relatively straightforward. Eligible enterprises need to apply through designated financial institutions or banks that are registered under the CLCSS. Upon approval of the loan application and verification of technology upgradation, the capital subsidy is disbursed directly to the beneficiary’s bank account.

Benefits of the Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme

The Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme offers several benefits to MSMEs:

  1. Financial Assistance: The scheme provides financial support in the form of a capital subsidy, reducing the financial burden on businesses.
  2. Technological Upgradation: The subsidy encourages businesses to adopt modern technology, leading to improved productivity and competitiveness.
  3. Enhanced Efficiency: By upgrading their machinery and equipment, enterprises can enhance their production processes, reduce wastage, and improve overall efficiency.
  4. Access to Credit: The availability of capital subsidy makes it easier for MSMEs to access credit from financial institutions, as the risk associated with technological upgradation is reduced.
  5. Competitive Advantage: Upgrading technology enables MSMEs to offer better quality products and services, giving them a competitive edge in the market.

The Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme plays a crucial role in supporting the growth and development of MSMEs by promoting technological advancements. It empowers businesses to embrace innovation and stay ahead in today’s rapidly evolving business landscape.

5. SIDBI Loan Schemes

SIDBI (Small Industries Development Bank of India) plays a crucial role in supporting MSMEs (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises) in India. It offers various loan schemes to help businesses grow and thrive. Let’s explore the direct and indirect loan schemes provided by SIDBI:

Overview of SIDBI and Its Role in Supporting MSMEs

SIDBI is a financial institution established by the Government of India to promote, finance, and develop MSMEs. It aims to provide financial assistance, technological support, and other essential services to these enterprises. SIDBI collaborates with different banks and financial institutions to ensure that businesses have access to the necessary funds.

Direct Loan Schemes Offered by SIDBI

SIDBI offers direct loan schemes to MSMEs that require financing for their business operations. These loans are designed to meet the specific needs of different types of businesses. Here are some notable direct loan schemes offered by SIDBI:

  1. Sustainable Finance Scheme: This scheme provides financial support for MSMEs engaged in renewable energy projects or adopting eco-friendly practices.
  2. Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE): SIDBI acts as a trustee for CGTMSE, which provides credit guarantees to banks and financial institutions for loans sanctioned to small enterprises.
  3. Direct Assistance Scheme: Under this scheme, SIDBI provides financial assistance for technology upgradation, marketing initiatives, skill development programs, and more.

Indirect Loan Schemes Facilitated by SIDBI

In addition to direct loan schemes, SIDBI also facilitates indirect loan schemes through various intermediaries such as banks, NBFCs (Non-Banking Financial Companies), and other financial institutions. These schemes aim to provide easy access to credit for MSMEs. Here are a few examples of indirect loan schemes facilitated by SIDBI:

  1. SIDBI Make in India Soft Loan Fund for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (SMILE): This scheme provides soft loans to MSMEs for modernization, technology upgradation, and expansion.
  2. SIDBI Revolving Fund for Technology Innovation (SRTI): It offers financial support to technology-based startups and MSMEs for research and development activities.
  3. SIDBI Infotech Fund: This scheme provides funds to IT/ITES (Information Technology/Information Technology Enabled Services) companies for their working capital requirements.

SIDBI’s direct and indirect loan schemes play a significant role in empowering MSMEs by providing them with the necessary financial assistance. These schemes help businesses overcome financial challenges and promote their growth and development.

Remember, SIDBI is just one of the many government loan options available to Indian businesses.

6. Other Government Loan Options for Businesses

In addition to the previously mentioned loan schemes, the Government of India offers several other options to support businesses. These schemes aim to cater to different needs and promote entrepreneurship, job creation, and economic development. Let’s explore some of these loan options:

Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme

This scheme aims to ensure credibility for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) by providing collateral-free credit facilities. Under this scheme, eligible borrowers can avail of loans without pledging any collateral. The Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) provides a guarantee cover for a portion of the loan amount, thus reducing the risk for lenders.

Stand Up India Loan Scheme

This scheme specifically focuses on fostering entrepreneurship among women and individuals from Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) communities. It encourages the establishment of greenfield enterprises in manufacturing, services, or trading sectors. Eligible borrowers can avail of loans ranging from Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 1 crore under this scheme, with a repayment tenure of up to 7 years.

NABARD Loan Scheme for Agricultural and Rural Development

The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) offers various loan schemes to support agricultural and rural development activities. These schemes aim to provide financial assistance for agriculture, farm mechanization, agribusinesses, rural infrastructure development, and more. NABARD also provides refinancing facilities to banks and financial institutions involved in lending to the agriculture sector.

Prime Ministers’ Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)

This scheme focuses on encouraging job creation through the establishment of micro-enterprises in the non-farm sector. It provides financial assistance for setting up new projects or expanding existing ones. PMEGP offers subsidies ranging from 15% to 35% of the project cost in urban areas and up to 25% in rural areas. The scheme promotes entrepreneurship among educated youth, women, and individuals from weaker sections of society.

These government loan options provide valuable support to businesses in India. Whether it’s ensuring credibility for MSMEs, fostering entrepreneurship among specific communities, promoting agricultural and rural development, or encouraging job creation, these schemes cater to diverse needs. Entrepreneurs and business owners can explore these options to access affordable financing and drive their ventures towards growth and success.


The diverse landscape of government support for Indian businesses offers a wide range of popular business loans that provide easy financing options. These schemes aim to boost entrepreneurship, promote economic growth, and foster financial stability in the country.

  • The MSME Loan Scheme in 59 Minutes stands out for its quick approval process and low-interest rates, making it an attractive option for small and medium-sized enterprises.
  • The Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY) plays a crucial role in promoting collateral-free credit by offering three types of loans based on the principal amount and interest rates. This scheme has been instrumental in supporting small businesses and empowering entrepreneurs.
  • The National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) provides comprehensive support to businesses, including marketing assistance and credit support schemes. These initiatives contribute significantly to the growth and stability of enterprises across various sectors.
  • The Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme encourages technological upgradation by offering a 15% capital subsidy to businesses. This initiative has been instrumental in fostering innovation and enhancing productivity.
  • The SIDBI Loan Schemes offered by the Small Industries Development Bank of India provide direct and indirect loan options to MSMEs. These schemes have played a crucial role in providing financial assistance to businesses at different stages of their growth.

In addition to these popular loan schemes, there are several other government initiatives such as the Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme, Stand Up India Loan Scheme, NABARD Loan Scheme, and Prime Ministers’ Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) that cater to specific needs and target different segments of society.

Overall, the government’s efforts to provide easy financing options through these business loan schemes have made a significant impact on the Indian business landscape. By supporting entrepreneurship, job creation, technological advancements, and financial stability, these initiatives contribute towards building a robust economy for the nation.

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